Labrador Retrievers - Breed Origin
Despite the name of the breed, Labrador Retrievers originated in Newfoundland. The ancestors of these dogs were used by fishermen to help them do draft work. As a matter of fact, there were two varieties of the dogs used by fishermen. In the 1700s, Newfoundland fishermen made use of the Greater and Lesser St. John's dogs. Later, the Lesser St. John's dog was imported to Great Britain, where it became a favorite of the noble.
The dog was valued for its working qualities and ability to do well in harsh conditions. The Lesser St. John's dog was hardy and energetic. It was often seen playing with children after a day of hard work. Besides, the dog's temperament was very friendly. The breed was devoted and playful.
With time, the importation of the Lesser St. John's dog stopped. In 1903, the breed was recognized as a separate strain and could be registered by the English Kennel Club. The breed was improved and started to be referred to as the Labrador Retriever. In 1917, the AKC recognized the Labrador Retriever.
The Labrador Retriever Club, Inc. appeared in 1931. It was decided to allow only registered Labrador Retrievers to be used in breedings. Besides, a dog should have a certificate that states it has successfully passed field trials. Though the most common function of the breed is that of a pet, Labrador Retrievers can be used as guide dogs and hunting companions.